# GED Study Notes

## GED Science

## Life Science

Lesson 1: Cell Structures and Functions

Lesson 2: Cell Processes and Energy

Lesson 3: Human Body Systems

Lesson 4: Health Issues

Lesson 5: Reproduction and Heredity

Lesson 6: Modern Genetics

Lesson 7: Evolution and Natural Selection

Lesson 8: Organization of Ecosystems

## Earth and Space Science

Lesson 1: Structure of Earth

Lesson 2: Earth’s Resources

Lesson 3: Weather and Climate

Lesson 4: Earth in the Solar System

Lesson 5: The Expanding Universe

## Physical Science

Lesson 1: Atoms and Molecules

Lesson 2: Properties and States of Matter

Lesson 3: Chemical Reactions

Lesson 4: The Nature of Energy

Lesson 5: Motion and Forces

Lesson 6: Electricity and Magnetism

## GED Social Studies

## U.S. History

Lesson 1: Exploration, Colonialism, and the American Revolution

Lesson 2: Westward Expansion, the Civil War, and Reconstruction

Lesson 3: Industrialization, Immigration, and the Progressive Era

Lesson 4: The United States as an Emerging World Power

Lesson 5: The Cold War and the Civil Rights Era

## Economics

Lesson 1: Basic Economics Concepts

Lesson 2: The U.S. Economic System

Lesson 3: The Economy and the U.S. Government

Lesson 4: Labor and Consumer Issues

## Civics and Government

Lesson 1: Historic Basis for U.S. System

Lesson 2: Constitutional Government

Lesson 3: Levels and Branches of Government

Lesson 4: The Electoral System

Lesson 5: The Role of the Citizen

## Geography and the World

Lesson 1: Early Civilizations

Lesson 2: Feudalism to Nation States

Lesson 3: The Age of Revolutions

Lesson 4: Exploration, Colonialism, and Wars

Lesson 5: Humans and the Environment

Lesson 6: Using Resources Wisely

## GED Mathematical Reasoning

## Algebra Basics, Expressions, and Polynomials

Lesson 1: The Number Line and Signed Numbers

Lesson 2: Powers and Roots

Lesson 3: Scientific Notation

Lesson 4: Order of Operations

Lesson 5: Absolute Value

Lesson 6: Algebraic Expressions

Lesson 7: Expressions and Calculator Skills

Lesson 8: Understand Polynomials

Lesson 9: Simplify Polynomials

Lesson 10: Add and Subtract Polynomials

Lesson 11: Multiply Polynomials

Lesson 12: Divide Polynomials

## Ratio, Proportion, and Percent

Lesson 1: Ratio and Proportion

Lesson 2: Percents

Lesson 3: Using the Percent Formula

Lesson 4: Percent Calculator Skills

Lesson 5: Simple Interest

Lesson 6: Percent of Change

## Data, Statistics, and Probability

Lesson 1: Tables and Pictographs

Lesson 2: Bar and Line Graphs

Lesson 3: Circle Graphs

Lesson 4: Measures of Central Tendency

Lesson 5: Line Plots

Lesson 6: Histograms

Lesson 7: Probability

Lesson 8: Combinations

Lesson 9: Permutations

## Decimals and Fractions

Lesson 1: Decimal Basics

Lesson 2: Decimal Operations

Lesson 3: Fraction Basics

Lesson 4: Fraction Operations

Lesson 5: Fraction and Decimal Equivalencies

Lesson 6: Decimals and Fractions on the Number Line

Lesson 7: Decimal and Fraction Calculator Skills

## Equations, Inequalities, and Functions

Lesson 1: Equations

Lesson 2: Equation Word Problems

Lesson 3: Inequalities

Lesson 4: Quadratic Equations

Lesson 5: Algebra Problem Solving

Lesson 6: The Coordinate Plane

Lesson 7: Graphing a Line

Lesson 8: Slope of a Line

Lesson 9: Slope and Equations

Lesson 10: Systems of Linear Equations

Lesson 11: Patterns and Functions

Lesson 12: Function Applications

Lesson 13: Function Notation

## Geometry

Lesson 1: Plane Figures

Lesson 2: Triangles

Lesson 3: Pythagorean Relationship

Lesson 4: Perimeter and Area

Lesson 5: Circles

Lesson 6: Volume

Lesson 7: Surface Area

Lesson 8: Combined Figures

Lesson 9: Geometry Calculator Skills

## GED Language Arts

## Interpreting Nonfiction and Informational Text

Lesson 1: Main Ideas and Details

Lesson 2: Restatement and Summary

Lesson 3: Application of Ideas

Lesson 4: Cause and Effect

Lesson 5: Compare and Contrast

Lesson 6: Conclusions and Generalizations

Lesson 7: Word Choice

Lesson 8: Writer’s Tone and Point of View

Lesson 9: Text Structure

## Connecting Ideas

Lesson 1: Organize Ideas into Paragraphs

Lesson 2: Use Logical Order and Relevant Ideas

Lesson 3: Relate Sentences and Paragraphs

## Polishing Your Writing

Lesson 1: Strengthen Sentences

Lesson 2: Improve Organization

Lesson 3: Word Choice

## Analyzing Nonfiction and Informational Text

Lesson 1: Purpose of Text

Lesson 2: Effectiveness of Argument

Lesson 3: Validity of Arguments

Lesson 4: Text Related by Theme or Topic

Lesson 5: Texts with Opposing Arguments

Lesson 6: Texts with Related Graphic Information

## Writing Effective Sentences

Lesson 1: Simple Sentences

Lesson 2: Compound and Complex Sentences

Lesson 3: Run-Ons and Comma Splices

Lesson 4: Subordinate Ideas

Lesson 5: Modify Ideas

Lesson 6: Parallel Structure

## Using Grammar Correctly

Lesson 1: Noun and Pronoun Agreement

Lesson 2: Verb Forms and Tenses

Lesson 3: Subject-Verb Agreement

## Interpreting Fiction

Lesson 1: Plot Elements

Lesson 2: Inferences

Lesson 3: Character

Lesson 4: Theme

Lesson 5: Style and Point of View

Lesson 6: Figurative Language

## Writing About Text

Lesson 1: Unpack the Writing Prompt

Lesson 2: Identify a Writer’s Arguments and Assumptions

Lesson 3: Develop a Thesis Statement

Lesson 4: Collect Supporting Evidence

Lesson 5: Plan Your Response

Lesson 6: Draft Your Response

Lesson 7: Revise and Edit Your Response

## Using Writing Mechanics

Lesson 1: Comma Use

Lesson 2: Capitalization

Lesson 3: Possessives and Contractions

Lesson 4: Homonyms